Johanne Martin

3 posts
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and Emmanuel Macron at the Elysee Palace on October 26, 2022. LUDOVIC MARIN / AFP
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The 60th anniversary of the Elysée treaty

The date of January 22nd , 2023 marks the 60th anniversary of the Elysée Treaty, i.e. of the Franco-German couple. On this occasion a day bringing together French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Olaf Scholz took place in Paris on Sunday. After a ceremony at the Sorbonne, which gave rise to speeches by the two counterparts, a Franco-German Council of Ministers took place at the Elysée. These formal receptions were coupled with a Franco-German parliamentary session at the National Assembly as well as a dinner between the two men.
Corée : une poignée de main historique
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On, November 3, 2022, North Korea launched 23 ballistic missiles that threaten the region as well as the semblance of balance that the two Koreas seemed to have found. The opportunity to take stock of the historical tensions that separate these two countries divided since the Second World War and to ask whether this escalation of tensions could lead to an open conflict?
image of a submarine cable
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Submarine cables at the heart of geostrategic issues

On the 12th of October 2022, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg spoke about the need to protect transatlantic telecommunications infrastructure. Indeed, he said that it was necessary to "think about the resilience of critical infrastructure". What does he exactly mean by that? What does he express by critical infrastructure? And finally, what does it mean to think about resilience in this case? The NATO Secretary General's remarks after the meeting of the ministers of defence of the transatlantic alliance relate to the telecommunications network of submarine cables. The alleged sabotage of Nord Stream II in the context of a war between Russia and Ukraine, supported by NATO, reminds us of the difficulty of protecting these infrastructures, given the distance it covers. So, how does the alleged sabotage of Nord Stream 2 reactivate a strategic issue: the protection of submarine cables?